One wonders why it takes so long but we imagine that even in this day of computerization, statistics take time to compile and organize. So this past Friday the government statistics service released the final numbers for the all-Russian census taken in 2010.
In total population Russia slipped to 18th internationally, with a population of 142,905,200.
It is interesting to compare historical data. For instance, in 1959 the percentage of Russians who lived in urban versus rural communities was 52 to 48 respectively. By 2010 that figure had changed to 74 to 26 percent, with over 105 million Russians now city dwellers compared to 36 million rural inhabitants.
Unfortunately in any society there is one statistic that is dependent on economic conditions: infant mortality. In 1992 during the terrible economic conditions as Russia was moving to a market economy, the infant mortality number was 29,200. Thankfully by 2010 that number had improved, dropping to 13,400.
Live births have also increased over that period from 1,587,600 in 1992 to 1,789,600 in 2010. Deaths however outpace 1992 with 1,807,400 then to 2,031,000 in 2010. The number of deaths however has decreased from highs during the years 1995 to 2006.
As for the causes of death, heart disease is on the rise as are deaths from infectious and parasitic causes. Homicides and suicides are decreasing as are death rates from highway accidents. Russia has a reputation for extraordinary high numbers of deaths which are automobile related. This number has dropped steadily from 1992 (30,000) to 2010 (20,000). That is a significant improvement in safety as the number of roadway accidents has increased steadily since 1994.
Russia’s railway system, a major form of passenger transport, continues to improve as the number of rail accidents involving passenger injury in 1994 was 34,000 as compared to just 1,000 in 2010.
For those interested in the ongoing debate of the ratio of women to men in Russia, here’s your sign:
On the economic numbers the government estimates that roughly a quarter of the population has no access to telephone service whether by hard line or mobile, mostly within rural areas and among the very elderly in urban areas.
The cost of food and basic necessities continues to rise as well:
There is a lot of great data now available after Friday’s release so here is the main link for those readers interested in even more detail.